A tale of two BANIs – Uncertainties abound as latest court ruling questions legitimacy of Indonesia’s national arbitration centre


Since its establishment in 1977, BANI (Badan Arbitrase Nasional Indonesia) has been the most active arbitral institution in Indonesia. With offices across the country, its own rules and procedures and over 100 Indonesian and foreign arbitrators on its list, BANI is well-established and has presided over a steady stream of domestic and international disputes. (Other arbitral institutions exist, but with more limited remits such as Islamic or capital markets transactions.)

For all its success, however (and there can be no doubt that BANI has been a positive influence in the development of Indonesian arbitration), BANI has found itself subject to criticism at various points in its history – most recently that it has been unable to keep up with developments and trends in international arbitration, due to the inflexible nature of its constitution.

September 2016 saw the unexpected establishment of BANI Pembaharuan, a new institution set up to deal with domestic and international general commercial arbitrations. Domestic commentary suggests that BANI Pembaharuan was set up with the stated intention of “institutionalising BANI, not creating a new BANI” (although there is a competing narrative that the BANI Pembaharuan was primarily created because of a disagreement between the BANI’s board members and one of the members of the Indonesian arbitration community).

BANI quickly issued a statement to the effect that it does not recognise BANI Pembaharuan and that its use of the “BANI” acronym is illegitimate. This was followed by multiple proceedings in the Indonesian courts concerning the new institution’s use of the “BANI” name.  Regrettably, this has led to uncertainty as to which institution is rightfully entitled to administer arbitrations where parties have elected to refer to their disputes to “BANI”. Unfortunately, this uncertainty is set to continue for some time, as recent rulings from different courts have been contradictory and are likely to be appealed, prolonging the confusion.

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