The Investigatory Powers Act 2016 (the “Act“) received Royal Assent on 29 November 2016. Dubbed the “Snoopers’ Charter” it has been heavily criticised by various commentators, including the advocacy group Liberty.
The main source of criticism has been around the requirements for bulk retention of data (such as communications data and internet connection records) and the increased ability of public authorities to access such data. Communications data is the ‘who’, ‘where’, ‘when’, ‘how’ and ‘with whom’ of a communication, but not the content, whilst internet connection records are records of the services that have been accessed by any device. Continue reading