Hong Kong: The Requirement of Being ‘Fit and Proper’

In many industries, it is a requirement that certain individuals performing regulated activities are, and remain, fit and proper. For example, these requirements will apply to certain individuals who are subject to the oversight of financial services regulators such as the Hong Kong Monetary Authority, the Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) or the Insurance Authority. Assessing whether an individual is fit and proper however, is not always straightforward. Issues which, on their face, may not seem to be compliance risks could in fact be so when viewed through the lens of the fit and proper test.

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China: How to Approach Employee Dismissals

Under PRC law, an employment contract can be terminated in three main ways, namely resignation by the employee, unilateral termination by the employer, or mutual separation. While resignation by the employee is generally straightforward, while other paths to termination must be manged carefully to mitigate risk. We recap the key points to consider with each approach to termination.

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Thailand: Preparing Valid Warning Letters

Thai labour law provides that in the event that an employee violates an employer’s work rules, regulations or orders in circumstances where the employer has previously issued a warning letter to the employee in respect of the same violation, the employer may terminate the employee’s employment without severance pay. However, the Courts have on occasion awarded an employee severance pay where a warning letter issued was found not be valid. Some key considerations for employers when issuing a warning letter to the employee are discussed below.

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UK: over-thorough investigation did not render dismissal unfair

In NHS 24 v Pillar, the EAT has ruled that an over-thorough investigation will not of itself render a dismissal unfair.  It is for the decision-maker to decide what is relevant to their decision, and it is their state of mind that will determine whether dismissal was within the range of reasonable responses.  The reasonableness of an investigation is relevant only where it results in the absence of relevant information being given to the decision-maker. Continue reading

UK: Employer’s duty of trust and confidence – caution needed before suspending to investigate alleged misconduct

A recent High Court ruling serves as a reminder to employers not automatically to suspend an employee accused of misconduct while an investigation takes place. Employers should first seek the employee’s response to the allegations and consider whether suspension is actually necessary in order to carry out a fair investigation (or for other legitimate reasons) or whether there may be other options such as a temporary reassignment. It may also be relevant whether the contract of employment or handbook policies give an express right to suspend and set out when suspension may be appropriate.

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Australia: Key decision on directing employees to see a doctor

The Full Federal Court has handed down a decision on an employer’s right to direct attendance at a medical appointment, and whether an employer can validly dismiss an employee for failing to follow such a direction. The Full Court’s decision is positive for employers covered by the Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999 (Qld), but may also be relevant for employees in non-coal mining industries.

The full decision is here, and we set out below a brief summary of the key points.

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Singapore: the meaning of serious misconduct

Employment contracts often provide that employees may be dismissed without notice or payment in lieu of notice for 'serious misconduct'. However, what constitutes 'serious misconduct' is not always clear. The recent decision of the Court of Appeal of Singapore in Phosagro Asia Pte Ltd v Piattchanine [2016] SGCA 61 provides some clarification on this question.

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