ICJ orders Colombia immediately to cease activities in Nicaraguan EEZ waters

On April 21, 2022, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) delivered judgment in Nicaragua v. Colombia concerning alleged violations of sovereign rights and maritime spaces in the Caribbean Sea. Following a ruling rendered in 2012 in a territorial and maritime dispute between the two countries, the ICJ determined that Colombia breached its international obligation to respect Nicaragua’s sovereign rights … Read more

Ecuador’s Constitutional Court Takes on Extractive Industries

The Constitutional Court of Ecuador (the “Court”) has recently ruled on a series of constitutional actions brought against the development of mining projects in Ecuador (the “Decisions”).  The Decisions illustrate the Court’s continued approach to recognizing and strengthening the right to prior consultation of indigenous communities on extractive activities in the country.  The Decisions however … Read more