Court of Appeal finds exclusive jurisdiction clause in settlement agreement with employee ineffective, as it was not entered into after the particular dispute had arisen

The Court of Appeal has held that an exclusive jurisdiction clause in a settlement agreement between an employer and employee was not effective to give jurisdiction to the chosen court. The dispute related to an individual contract of employment and the jurisdiction agreement had not been entered into after the particular dispute had arisen, as … Read more

When do you have a binding contract? It may be more (or less) often than you think

Sometimes what appears to be an agreement is not in fact binding, for example because it is incomplete or its terms are uncertain, or perhaps because the necessary contractual intention is lacking. Conversely, a binding agreement might be reached despite appearances to the contrary, for example where parties commence work before a formal agreement is signed. In this first of … Read more

Court of Appeal reiterates limited scope for reference to pre-contractual material when interpreting contracts

A recent Court of Appeal decision has illustrated the strict operation of the common law rule against relying on evidence of pre-contractual negotiations to interpret contracts. The decision confirms that, while it is permissible for a court to take into account pre-contractual material for the limited purpose of understanding the genesis and commercial aim of … Read more