State immunity: English court considers service of proceedings on a State in times of political unrest, and questions relating to enforcement of a foreign judgment against a State

In the recent decision of Certain Underwriters At Lloyds London v Syrian Arab Republic & Ors [2018] EWHC 385 (Comms) the English Commercial Court (the Court) considered the difficulties which may be encountered in trying to serve on a State. The Court also considered whether a state had submitted to the jurisdiction of a foreign court for the purposes of recognition and enforcement of the foreign judgment under the Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (the CJJA).

This decision demonstrates the Court’s willingness to take a pragmatic approach when dealing with service of documents on a foreign State in situations where service through standard diplomatic channels may be difficult or inappropriate in the prevailing political climate. The decision also provides useful guidance regarding the requirements to be satisfied should a party wish to enforce a foreign judgment against a State in the English courts.

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