Dawn of a new era for investment protection in South Africa – draft investment law to replace protections offered under investment treaties published for public comment

On 1 November 2013, the South African Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) has released its new “Promotion and Protection of Investment” bill (PPI Bill) for public comment (for a copy of the PPI Bill, see here).

The PPI Bill follows South Africa’s publicised plans to review its bilateral investment treaties (BITs), in particular those entered into right after the end of the apartheid era. The majority of those BITs have been, or are in the process of being, terminated by the South African government. As part of the DTI review, the South African Government has already issued cancellation notices to various European countries, in respect of its BITs with, amongst others, Belgium, Luxembourg and Spain (to see our previous blog post on this, see here), and most recently, Germany and Switzerland. Existing investors are still entitled to rely on the protections found in those BITs that have been terminated and remain able to do so for a period between 10 to 20 years after the BITs termination, depending on the relevant BITs sunset clause.

The PPI Bill, when passed as law, is intended to regulate the protection of all investments in South Africa in place of BITs.

The following key provisions in the PPI Bill and their implications are discussed further below.

  • Definition of an “investment”.
  • Absence of a fair and equitable treatment (FET) provision.
  • Definition of “expropriation” and new principles of compensation for expropriation.
  • Dispute resolution mechanism.

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