Brexit isn’t frustrating…at least for leases

Authors: Matthew Bonye, Partner and Head of Real Estate Dispute Resolution, London; Judith Smyth, Associate, Real Estate Dispute Resolution, London and Rhian Arrenberg, Professional Support Lawyer, Real Estate Dispute Resolution, London

Landlords can (for now at least) breathe a sigh of relief as the High Court has ruled that a tenant cannot bring its obligations under a lease to an end by invoking the doctrine of frustration simply because it will have no option but to relocate if/when the UK leaves the EU.

In Canary Wharf (B4) T1 Ltd and others v European Medicines Agency [2019] EWHC 335 (Ch), the Court held that even though the European Medicines Agency (“EMA“) would be forced under EU law to relocate outside the UK after Brexit the nature of the bargain between the parties was not made radically different by Brexit and the lease is therefore not frustrated.  On the contrary, the inclusion of carefully negotiated alienation provisions in the lease indicated that the parties had contemplated that the EMA might at some point wish to dispose of its interest.  The EMA will therefore remain fully liable under the lease for the remainder of the term, unless of course it successfully appeals this ruling.

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