On 23 January 2019, the EU Commission adopted a decision confirming the adequacy of Japanese data protection laws for the purpose of transferring personal data from the EU to Japan in compliance with the international data transfer restrictions set out in Chapter V of the GDPR. Continue reading
On 17 July 2018, the EU Commission (“Commission”) and Japan concluded the negotiations on a reciprocal finding of an adequate level of data protection by both sides.
Under the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) which became effective across Europe on 25 May 2018, an adequacy decision adopted by the Commission is one of the ways which allows personal data to be transferred outside the European Economic Area (“EEA”). An adequacy decision is adopted if the Commission, after its assessment of the level of protection in the recipient jurisdiction, decides that the recipient jurisdiction ensures an adequate level of protection to the personal data of EU data subjects.
This is the first time the Commission and a third country have agreed on reciprocal recognition in respect of data protection adequacy. The other countries or territories which have been assessed by the Commission as having an adequate level of protection of personal data are all based on the Commission’s unilateral decisions (e.g. New Zealand, Canada and Switzerland). Reciprocal recognition means that not only can personal data be transferred from the EEA to Japan in compliance with the GDPR, it can also be transferred from Japan to the EU in compliance with the Japanese law.